A little more than a year ago, recalling Aldo Moro, the President of the Republic traced this profile: "Crucial, in Moro, was the relationship between the State, politics and society. The understanding of social facts, of their interrelations, of the connections with the growing anxieties in other countries, was accompanied by a deep respect for the new phenomena, towards which he put himself in an attitude of listening, to make sure that they knot their path in the sphere of republican democracy and enrich the models of common life organized in institutions. He saw these, that is, constantly modulated on the positive effects of the transformations taking place in the Country".

  Because many forces of the globalisation accentuate the economic and ideological divisions, our world is in need of translation, between the local and the global, between religions and civil society and across borders.

I. A World in Need of Translation

                Despite the deepening ties and structures that connect people across borders in our world today, profound inequalities continue to divide the human family. Globalization, as many have recognized, seems to have two sides. On the one hand, the post-Westphalian model of absolute state sovereignty has collapsed in light of global financial interdependence, new communication technologies, global cultural connections, and common threats posed by pandemic diseases, transnational terrorism, and climate change. For better and for worse, governments have ceded aspects of sovereignty to a number of actors including more than 230 state-sponsored intergovernmental organizations, transnational policy networks such as the Group of 20 Finance Ministers, and powerful transnational corporations such as ExonMobile. 

At the same time, many of the forces that build global connections also serve to accentuate and deepen economic and ideological divisions. These massive inequalities at the national and global levels, as the 2010 and 2011 United Nations Human Development Reports highlight, seriously threaten the health and wellbeing of the poor and the global common good.