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An emptied parliament and the risks of a democracy that no longer looks to rights

  The approval of the budget law by the Italian Parliament raises very deep concerns because of a legislative process that appears to be compromised and distorted in substance in relation with the provisions of the constitutional order of the Republic. A number of independent institutions, including the Committee for Legislation of the Chamber of Deputies, have found in the structure of the law and in the procedure followed to be profound problematic issues regarding the provisions of our institutional system. Many constitutionalists have pointed out that Article 72 of our Constitution requires the two branches of Parliament to carefully examine the draft laws that are submitted to the attention of parliamentarians, in order to ensure a deliberative process that allows the necessary weighting of those that should become normative texts and to allow a discussion that, through the vehicle of elected representatives, allows the different components of the country to be involved in the political and institutional process. The failure of this process, which is hidden by the urgency of avoiding the temporary exercise of public finances and by the discussion regarding the content of the budget law, is a fact of particular importance and institutional gravity.

"I want to declare the willingness of the Church of Turin to welcome some of the families who are on board the ships Sea Watch 3 and Sea Eye": said the Archbishop of Turin, Cesare Nosiglia this morning, during the homily for the traditional People's Day. The diocese had already hosted two migrants from the ship Diciotti last September.

"It is a gesture - continued Nosiglia - that has a symbolic and spiritual meaning and is, at the same time, very concrete.

1 MEIC: Government: incomprehensible stiffening, parties must find a sense of responsibility

                The dramatic conclusion of the attempt to create a new government in the country is triggering a phase of instability for our democratic life. We are concerned about the arrogant way in which the President of the Republic has been forced to appoint a minister, an act which, according to our Constitution, he owns. We are concerned about the contemptuous judgments that are spreading over Sergio Mattarella for a decision that was the conclusion of a long work of mediation, shattered on the rocks of an incomprehensible stiffening of the political forces that should have supported the new government. A very delicate season is beginning, for the problems that our country has to face, but now also for the conflict that involves our institutions. At this delicate time, Meic would like to thank the President of the Republic for the dignity and seriousness with which he is managing a complex and difficult situation. At the same time, however, it is intended to remind the political parties and their leaders of a sense of responsibility towards the future that seems to have disappeared today, dissolved in an eternal present of incessant electoral campaigning.

     The situation changes minute by minute. And as I write it, this piece on the Italian political situation risks not being updated anymore. New hypotheses of government have re-emerged after the resounding end of the first attempt of the League-5 stars and the appointment of Carlo Cottarelli. And this too is a dramatic sign of a situation in which the search for true good for our country, on the part of many protagonists on the political scene, has increasingly gone into the background. Because this is the point that risks escaping the vortex of declarations, debates and contrasts. There is no question about whetehr a parliamentary majority is formed, which has the right to govern. But if, after almost three months of waiting, this has not yet been achieved and if the only political objective is either to govern at all costs or to go to new elections (it does not matter if in the middle of summer and with a country increasingly under attack from speculation, whose harmful effects - it should be remembered - are fortunately held back, at least for now, from membership of the Euro and a European institution such as the ECB), in the hope of increasing its consensus, without any concern for the real state and the needs of Italy, means that we are really losing sight of the fundamentals. And it's worrying to see so many people fidgeting and exalting, as if we were at the stadium, and then pulling up the pieces - the television, the smartphone and the computer off - of an economic situation that is getting worse.

    A little more than a year ago, recalling Aldo Moro, the President of the Republic traced this profile: "Crucial, in Moro, was the relationship between the State, politics and society. The understanding of social facts, of their interrelations, of the connections with the growing anxieties in other countries, was accompanied by a deep respect for the new phenomena, towards which he put himself in an attitude of listening, to make sure that they knot their path in the sphere of republican democracy and enrich the models of common life organized in institutions. He saw these, that is, constantly modulated on the positive effects of the transformations taking place in the Country".

The outcome of the elections of March 4 is a political framework that is both profoundly new and extremely fragile. However, there is a further level which is primary and essential. The electoral result in fact reflects deep fractures that cross the country with the result of an apparently blocked parliament. One, of a social nature, is rooted in a growing gap between wealth and poverty, in the diffused intolerance towards a redistribution of wealth through a completely inadequate social and fiscal system and in the sense of injustice for a job whose dignity has been and is too often trampled. The other fracture is geographic and passes through the simultaneous success of the center-right in the central-northern part of the country and the one of the 5 Star Movement in the central southern part.

Literacy and active citizenship for North African women

The project "Torino my city", born from an idea of ​​the Meic of Torino in more than 15 years ago and managed since 2015 by “Mondi in città” (Non profit organization), has involved so far more than 3000 students accompanied by over 900 children. More than 1,200 students were able to obtain a secondary school diploma. The courses are organized by “Mondi in città”, thanks to the contribution of Compagnia di San Paolo, Fondazione CRT, Associazione Come Noi (non-profit org.) and gifts from supporters. The initiatives are carried out in collaboration with the Civic Libraries of Torino and with the patronage of 4 city circumscriptions. The MEIC, thanks to the 8x1000 of the Catholic Church, guarantees the cultural and educational paths to the active citizenship.

     If I were to indicate what feeling prevails today in western societies, I'd say fear. Often unacknowledged or exorcised through displays of security and strength, fear hides in the thoughts of many people, in the decisions of entire populations, in turn back to ideologies that we thought were no longer occupy the scenario of our countries. Afraid, we try to give a name to identify an enemy to fight and to whom to attribute the faults of many social problems that we cannot solve. This enemy is identified as external to us: the Isis, monster that creates cruel children also in our well-ordered society; foreign, invading our lands and feeding new social tensions; European bureaucracy which oppresses our lives with rules made to limit our freedom.